By Professor Tobias Hoffmann, Jörn Müller, Matthias Perkams

ISBN-10: 1107002672

ISBN-13: 9781107002678

Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is the textual content which had the one maximum impact on Aquinas's moral writings, and the historic and philosophical price of Aquinas's appropriation of this article provokes vigorous debate. during this quantity of latest essays, 13 individual students discover how Aquinas gets, expands on, and transforms Aristotle's insights in regards to the attainability of happiness, the scope of ethical advantage, the root of morality, and the character of enjoyment. They learn Aquinas's observation at the Ethics and his theological writings, especially the Summa theologiae. Their essays convey Aquinas to be a hugely perceptive interpreter, yet one that additionally who additionally brings sure presuppositions to the Ethics and alters key Aristotelian notions for his personal reasons. the result's a wealthy and nuanced photo of Aquinas's relation to Aristotle that would be of curiosity to readers in ethical philosophy, Aquinas experiences, the heritage of theology, and the background of philosophy.

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Extra info for Aquinas and the Nicomachean Ethics

Example text

A person will be more just or more courageous, and he will do just and moderate actions to a greater or lesser degree. 31173a17–22) A wise person or a just person, and the rest, will need necessities for living, but, once someone is sufficiently equipped with these, the just person needs others towards whom and with whom he can do just actions; likewise also 1 There are similar lists and examples, of course, in such works as the Topics, yet there Aristotle may simply be referring to virtues which he takes others to regard as obvious or more basic.

Hence logical connections deserve the attention of the historian. We can ask these questions about Aristotle because he offers arguments, and arguments have unnoticed and unintended consequences. Aristotle did not ask about the logical connections between his theories and theories he had never heard of; but the relevant questions can nonetheless be asked and answered. We need not ask ourselves what Aristotle would have said if he had been asked these questions. The structure of his views allows us to answer questions about logical connections without idle speculation about what he would say in some historically absurd circumstances.

How much of this scheme is present already in Aristotle? Is the scheme motivated by difficulties in Aristotle? Can it count as a plausible development of Aristotelian ethics? To address these questions properly, we must attend to some key differences in ethical method between Aristotle and Aquinas. Accordingly I will in closing offer a few observations concerning this potentially vast topic. 1 Some problems in Aristotle’s ethics Aristotle’s treatment of the virtues raises various questions about the nature, number, individuation and relationship of the virtues, which, it is natural to suppose, Aristotle would have been prepared to answer at least tentatively, yet which he never explicitly addresses, for example: What is a virtue anyway?

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Aquinas and the Nicomachean Ethics by Professor Tobias Hoffmann, Jörn Müller, Matthias Perkams


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