By M. Powell Lawton PhD, Jeanne A. Teresi EdD PhD
This quantity evaluates more than a few evaluation measures in regards to older adults. The professional participants handle issues reminiscent of evaluate of health and wellbeing, sensible incapacity (ADLs), psychological agility, getting older and character, melancholy, and discomfort. whereas the tools themselves are available from different assets, this publication discusses the suitability, strengths, and weaknesses of varied measures and provides present info at the quickly altering, cutting-edge review expertise.
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Additional info for Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 14, 1994: Focus on Assessment Techniques
1, S247-S273. , & Golden, R. (November, 1981). Measurement invariance: A method for detecting item bias in geriatric assessment scales. Paper presented at the 34th Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society, Toronto, Canada. Teresi, J. , Cross, P. , & Golden, R. R. (1989). Some applications of latent trait analysis to the measurement of ADL. Journals of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 44, S196-S204. , & Golden, R. (1994). Latent structure methods for estimating item bias, item validity and prevalence using cognitive and other geriatric screening measures.
Assuming the same construct is measured, the models derived from modern psychometric theory produce invariant parameters (item difficulty, item discrimination) which are not sample dependent and, therefore, are not affected by disorder or item prevalence ratio differences. Because these models relate item characteristics to the underlying attribute, they take disability (ability) level into account. The most commonly used IRT model defines the conditional probability of passing an item, given standing on the latent attribute, using the cumulative logistic function, A detailed explication of the model is beyond the scope of this chapter.
As Zautra, Affleck, and Tennen (chapter 15 in this volume) discuss, informant corroboration is better for some types of events than for others. Cutting across all domains discussed in this chapter is the ability of the older person to provide self-report data. Returning to a point presented earlier, the type and validity of assessment may change as one moves from assessing a younger to an older population and within that from a well to a physically orcognitively impaired subpopulation. With a more cognitively impaired population, it may be necessary to converge upon valid assessment by collecting data from multiple sources (see Teresi, Lawton, Ory, & Holmes, 1994).
Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 14, 1994: Focus on Assessment Techniques by M. Powell Lawton PhD, Jeanne A. Teresi EdD PhD