By Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut
(Publisher-supplied info) the idea that of altruism, or disinterested crisis for another's welfare, has been mentioned by way of every person from theologians to psychologists to biologists. during this ebook, evolutionary, neurological, developmental, mental, social, cultural, and non secular elements of altruistic habit are tested. it's a collaborative exam of 1 of humanity's crucial and defining features via well known researchers from numerous disciplines. Their integrative discussion illustrates that altruistic habit is an important mode of expression that may be studied via a variety of scholarly equipment and understood from quite a few views in either the arts and the sciences. Altruism and Altruistic Love establishes a framework for scholarship on altruism via offering definitions, a historic evaluation, a overview of latest examine, and debates in numerous disciplines, in addition to a dialogue of instructions for destiny work. Read more...
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Extra resources for Altruism & altruistic love : science, philosophy, & religion in dialogue
When this process takes place over many generations, what ultimately happens to the frequencies of altruism and selﬁshness? That depends on how pairs are formed. If individuals pair at random, then selﬁsh individuals will be ﬁtter than altruists, and so altruism will decline in frequency and go extinct. However, if like always pairs with like, then altruists interact exclusively with each other and thus obtain a payoff of (x − c + b), whereas selﬁsh individuals interact exclusively with each other and thus obtain a payoff of x.
These claims can themselves be seen as undermining the view that genetically programed altruistic behavior is genuinely other-regarding, as these goals are compatible with the action of selﬁsh genes. Moreover, if altruistic behavior is genetically programmed, whether other-regarding or selﬁsh, it is deﬁned nonsubjectively. It can be argued, alternatively, that altruism is best understood by inquiring into the subjective motivations and psychological capacities for acts of self-sacriﬁcial giving.
Because hedonism is difﬁcult to refute, egoism is also difﬁcult to refute. However, that does not mean it is true. Human behavior also is consistent with the view called motivational pluralism; this is the claim that people have both self-directed and other-directed ultimate aims. This theory does not assert that there are human actions that are driven by purely other-directed ultimate desires. Perhaps one consideration that lurks behind everything we do is a concern for self. What pluralism asserts is that some of our ultimate desires are other-directed.
Altruism & altruistic love : science, philosophy, & religion in dialogue by Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut