By Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut

ISBN-10: 0195142462

ISBN-13: 9780195142464

ISBN-10: 0195143582

ISBN-13: 9780195143584

ISBN-10: 0195146689

ISBN-13: 9780195146684

(Publisher-supplied info) the idea that of altruism, or disinterested crisis for another's welfare, has been mentioned by way of every person from theologians to psychologists to biologists. during this ebook, evolutionary, neurological, developmental, mental, social, cultural, and non secular elements of altruistic habit are tested. it's a collaborative exam of 1 of humanity's crucial and defining Read more...

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Covers the traditional ideas of vibration for mechanical and civil engineering. This moment variation comprises extra routines and examples plus a different bankruptcy on real-life ways to vibration Read more...

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Extra resources for Altruism & altruistic love : science, philosophy, & religion in dialogue

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When this process takes place over many generations, what ultimately happens to the frequencies of altruism and selfishness? That depends on how pairs are formed. If individuals pair at random, then selfish individuals will be fitter than altruists, and so altruism will decline in frequency and go extinct. However, if like always pairs with like, then altruists interact exclusively with each other and thus obtain a payoff of (x − c + b), whereas selfish individuals interact exclusively with each other and thus obtain a payoff of x.

These claims can themselves be seen as undermining the view that genetically programed altruistic behavior is genuinely other-regarding, as these goals are compatible with the action of selfish genes. Moreover, if altruistic behavior is genetically programmed, whether other-regarding or selfish, it is defined nonsubjectively. It can be argued, alternatively, that altruism is best understood by inquiring into the subjective motivations and psychological capacities for acts of self-sacrificial giving.

Because hedonism is difficult to refute, egoism is also difficult to refute. However, that does not mean it is true. Human behavior also is consistent with the view called motivational pluralism; this is the claim that people have both self-directed and other-directed ultimate aims. This theory does not assert that there are human actions that are driven by purely other-directed ultimate desires. Perhaps one consideration that lurks behind everything we do is a concern for self. What pluralism asserts is that some of our ultimate desires are other-directed.

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Altruism & altruistic love : science, philosophy, & religion in dialogue by Stephen Garrard Post, Visit Amazon's Lynn G. Underwood Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Lynn G. Underwood, , Jeffrey Schloss, William B. Hurlbut


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