By Ernest Furchtgott
I first met Ernest Furchtgott twenty-five years in the past after becoming a member of the college of the varsity of Social paintings on the collage of South Carolina. at the moment, Ernie chaired the dep. of Psychology. within the following 3 years we collaborated with a tutorial Committee on Gerontology in conceptualizing and shaping the University's certificates of Graduate examine in Gerontology application, guiding it to ultimate approval through the South Carolina fee on better schooling. For 20 years we crew taught our graduate-level direction, "Psychosocial ways to Geron tology," regarding colleagues from comparable disciplines. through the years, we tested and together graded 1000's of analysis posters ready by means of our graduate scholars in gerontology as their ultimate direction requirement. a number of years in the past, Ernie officially retired from the collage. He in stantly agreed to my request that he proceed educating the psychology of getting older component to our interdisciplinary path. On campus approximately on a daily basis considering the fact that retirement, Ernie often telephoned to debate are cent article within the Gerontologist or a paper presentation that had ex stated him on the Gerontological Society's annual medical assembly. He maintained a transparent presence within the educational community.
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Extra resources for Aging and Human Motivation
Most organismic systems exhibit some changes during aging. Since this is not a treatise on the biology of aging, selection was necessary. McCarter (1995) noted that, historically, aging has been associated with a loss of the intensity of energy metabolism. Since the Introduction indicated that, traditionally, many psychologists have defined motivation as the energetic aspect of behavior, an understanding of age-associated changes in energy metabolism is critical for the analysis of aging and motivation.
Cardiac output of older persons reaches its peak at a substantially lower work rate than it does in young adults. However, when maximum effort is not exerted, older healthy individuals may reach the same cardiac output as do younger persons (Shephard, 1987, pp. 71-72). Maximum HR, 0 2 consumption, and cardiac output responses to strenuous physical activity decline in older persons and the ejection fraction of blood during exercise decreases from resting levels in older persons. Many of the age-related changes are attributed to altered responsiveness following adrenergic stimulation and/or changes in the peripheral vasculature (Lakatta, 1985).
We have also noted that there have been very few long-term longitudinal studies of biological functions. CHAPTER3 Sleep and Fatigue SLEEP Introduction In the previous chapter, we discussed some of the biological mechanisms that are related to motivation. Most definitions of motivation include an energetic factor. Sleep and/or fatigue imply low levels of overt activity. The desire for sleep may be considered to be a powerful motive, and a reduction of this activity leads to efforts to satisfy this need.
Aging and Human Motivation by Ernest Furchtgott