By Bruce Baker, Brian Kelly, Eric Foner
“Is there fairly whatever new to claim approximately Reconstruction? the superb contributions to this quantity make it transparent that the answer's a powerful definite. jointly those essays let us reconsider the meanings of nation and citizenship within the Reconstruction South, a deeply worthy activity and a laudable develop at the current historiography.”—Alex Lichtenstein, Indiana University
within the renowned mind's eye, freedom for African americans is frequently assumed to were granted and entirely learned while Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation or, no less than, on the end of the Civil struggle. in fact, the anxiousness felt through newly freed slaves and their allies within the wake of the clash illustrates a extra advanced dynamic: the which means of freedom used to be vigorously, usually lethally, contested within the aftermath of the war.
After Slavery moves past extensive generalizations referring to black existence in the course of Reconstruction so that it will tackle the various reports of freed slaves around the South. city unrest in New Orleans and Wilmington, North Carolina, loyalty between former slave vendors and slaves in Mississippi, armed rebel alongside the Georgia coast, and racial violence through the area are only many of the issues examined.
The essays integrated listed here are chosen from the easiest paintings created for the After Slavery undertaking, a transatlantic learn collaboration. mixed, they give a variety of viewpoints at the key matters in Reconstruction historiography and a well-rounded portrait of the era.
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Additional info for After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South
While all nation-states 30 Thomas C. 34 So where does this leave the worker rendered stateless today because of her undocumented entry into the nation? S. case, of noncitizen workers exercising at least some citizenship rights historically, including the right to vote. S. Constitution was actually written in terms of the rights of inhabitants and persons rather than citizens, a term that slipped into state and federal law much later. Noncitizens of all kinds exercised the right to vote in a number of states.
The land-labor nexus as explanation for slavery is an old idea of which a recent exposition is found in Green, British Slave Emancipation. For a different take on this historical development, see Holt, Children of Fire, 43–73. 21. The transatlantic links between labor and consumption are best explicated by Sidney Mintz in Sweetness and Power. 22. Even a cursory survey of contemporary accounts makes clear that the term “slavery” is not hyperbolic. nytimes. html. 23. For examples, see Brooks, “Ideal Sweatshop,” 91–111; Whalen, “Sweatshops Here and There,” 45–68; and idem From Puerto Rico to Philadelphia.
I identify two distinct phases in this process. First, popular mobilization in New Orleans contributed to the crisis of presidential Reconstruction in the summer of 1866. In the year immediately following the end of the war, the radicalization and mobilization of working people clashed with the reactionary expectations of many returning Confederates, resulting in social turmoil and an explosion of racial violence in 1866. The events in New Orleans, along with similar scenes in other Southern locales, helped convince many Northerners that President Andrew Johnson’s Reconstruction policy had been far too lenient and was allowing the return to power of the former rebels.
After Slavery: Race, Labor, and Citizenship in the Reconstruction South by Bruce Baker, Brian Kelly, Eric Foner