By Herman L. Bennett
Полное название:"Africans in Colonial Mexico : absolutism, Christianity, and Afro-Creole recognition, 1570–1640"
В этом исследовании, автор обнаружил много новой информации о жизни рабов и свободных чернокожих в Мексике и как их жизнь была регулированна правительством.
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Additional resources for Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640
Such views, though re®ective of an imperial policy that repeatedly encouraged Spaniards to restrict the black and mulatto presence from indigenous towns and peoples, were far from ever being realized. During the earliest contact between members of both commonwealths—the crown-sanctioned república that separated Spaniards from Indians—persons of African descent, as Spanish agents in the countryside, interacted with indigenous peoples. It stands to reason that individuals of African descent facilitated the Hispanicization process among Amerindians.
Furthermore, Spanish estates were often adjacent to Amerindian communities. This proximity meant that enslaved Africans and free mulattos interacted continuously with the surviving Amerindians, and from this process Afromestizos emerged. While scholars have acknowledged the growth of Afromestizos in the sixteenth century, their focus has been con¤ned to urban centers. Yet rural areas, including the indigenous corporate communities, represented important centers where Africans and blacks interacted with Indians.
1 Slaves posed numerous problems for masters intent on de¤ning them solely as chattel. In their epic struggle, masters and slaves repeatedly clashed while attempting to impose their respective visions of slavery. As persons, slaves limited the extent to which masters could classify them as property. Slaves had to be made and constantly refashioned. Yet in the Spanish New World, masters and slaves did not represent the only parties concerned with de¤ning the slave experience. The Crown and the Catholic Church displayed a keen interest in shaping the social landscape—a landscape in which African slavery played a prominent role.
Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640 by Herman L. Bennett