By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Committee on Advancing the Productivity and Competitiveness of the U.S. Industry Workshop
Construction productivity--how good, how fast, and at what rate structures and infrastructure will be constructed--directly impacts costs for houses and purchaser items and the robustness of the nationwide economic system. analysts fluctuate on even if building productiveness is bettering or declining. nonetheless, advances in to be had and rising applied sciences provide major possibilities to enhance development potency considerably within the twenty first century and to aid meet different nationwide demanding situations, akin to environmental sustainability.
Advancing the Competitiveness and potency of the U.S. building Industry identifies 5 interrelated actions which could considerably increase the standard, timeliness, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of development projects.
those actions contain frequent deployment and use of interoperable know-how purposes; enhanced job-site potency via greater interfacing of individuals, procedures, fabrics, gear, and knowledge; larger use of prefabrication, preassembly, modularization, and off-site fabrication suggestions and approaches; leading edge, frequent use of demonstration installations; and potent functionality dimension to force potency and help innovation. The publication recommends that the nationwide Institute of criteria and know-how paintings with leaders to boost a collaborative technique to absolutely enforce and set up the 5 activities
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Extra info for Advancing the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the U.S. Construction Industry
S. Construction Industry As pointed out in Chapter 1, the commercial, industrial, and heavy construction sectors are stratified and differ from each other in terms of the characteristics of project owners, their sophistication, and their involvement in the construction process; the complexity of the projects; the source and magnitude of financial capital; required labor skills; the use of specialty equipment and materials; design and engineering processes; and knowledge and other factors. Nonetheless, these sectors also share common issues and obstacles to improving construction productivity, including the following: • A diverse and fragmented set of stakeholders: owners, users, designers, builders, suppliers, manufacturers, operators, regulators, manual laborers, and specialty trade contractors, including plumbers, electricians, masons, carpenters, and roofers; • Segmented processes: planning, financing, design, engineering, procurement, construction, operations, and maintenance.
S. CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY construction. Construction firms will thus need to compete with other employers and industries whose images and opportunities may be perceived to be superior. To meet the needs of the construction industry better, some colleges and universities have established programs in construction management and related issues. 5 And a number of professional societies and construction firms have established mentoring, internship, and awards programs to stimulate the interest of high school students in pursuing a career in construction (in Appendix E, see the section entitled “Recruiting Tomorrow’s Workforce”).
In 2005, construction workers experienced about 76 percent more days away from work owing to injuries or illnesses than did workers in other industries (NRC, 2009). Nonetheless, these numbers represent significant improvements in construction safety. Between 1992 and 2005, construction-related fatalities declined by more than 22 percent overall. The rate of injuries and illness also appears to have dropped significantly, possibly by a factor of two, although measurements are difficult because of the segmented nature of the industry.
Advancing the Competitiveness and Efficiency of the U.S. Construction Industry by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, Committee on Advancing the Productivity and Competitiveness of the U.S. Industry Workshop