By Daniel Robinson

ISBN-10: 1882926951

ISBN-13: 9781882926954

A small e-book to introduce an individual to psychology. I loved this learn. the writer gave 2 aspects to the key arguments and obviously confirmed an summary of a few of the significant avid gamers on the planet of psychology, and philosophy for that subject. i believe its additionally very important to notice that he gave slightly a heritage to lots of them too, simply to convey the place they got here from and why they could have this type of view. i believe this can be vital, in that we should always additionally glance seriously at the place we're at in psychology this present day. This e-book is especially transparent and to the purpose, accurately for this sort of small ebook!

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Additional info for A Student's Guide to Psychology (Isi Guides to the Major Disciplines)

Example text

It is in the same century that progress in medicine and more particularly in what would now be called neurology adds measurably to the thick book of clinical findings on the relationship between mind and body, brain and thought. By the end of the century Franz Gall (1758–1828), the father of phrenology, offers any number of compelling anatomical observations leading to the conclusion that specific psychological processes depend on specific regions of the cerebral cortex. The decades following these claims are devoted to testing them experimentally in order to establish where and to what extent specific psychological functions are located within the brain.

The son of a Lutheran clergyman, Wundt was born in the village of Nekarau, Germany. A physiologist by training, and a former assistant to Hermann von Helmholtz, Wundt taught the first academic course in psychology in 1862 at the University of Heidelberg. Much of Wundt’s work focused on the senses. However, he was also concerned with identifying the “structure” or fundamental elements of consciousness through careful attention to conscious experience. Structuralism, as this mentalist approach to psychology is called, would later come to be rejected by American functionalists and behaviorists.

Etc. Piaget discovered that the very young child solves all such problems in terms of the consequences of an action: If it is punished, it is wrong; if rewarded, it is right. Older children and young adults judge the morality of actions not in terms of how others react to them but in terms of principles personally adopted. Piaget distinguished the two cognitive periods as heteronomous (Greek hetero = other; nomos = law) and autonomous (Greek auto = self ); those whose moral laws or rules are imposed by others are said to be in the heteronomous period, and those who are selfruling are said to be in the autonomous period.

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A Student's Guide to Psychology (Isi Guides to the Major Disciplines) by Daniel Robinson

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